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Saturday, January 7, 2012

MINERAL RESOURCES IN NIGERIA AND LOCATION

Abia State
Capital:  Umuahia
Main Towns:  Aba, Akwette, Bende, Afikpo, Arochukwu
Points of Interest:  National War Museum at Umuahia where relecs of the Nigerian civil war and inventions are displayed.  Aba - foremost electronics and indigenous technology city.  Akwette - Blue River Tourist Village, Uwana Beach Akwette is also famous for its unique weaving industry.  Aba Central Market.
Agricultural Resources:  Yams, Cassava, Oil Palm, Rubber.
Natural Resources:  Oil, Salt

Adamawa State
Capital: Yola
Main Towns:  Yola, Jimeta, Numan, Mubi
Agricultural Resources:  Guinea Com, Maize, Cattle, Fish, Millet, Cotton.
Points of Interest:  Three Sisters Hill - three hills that stand side by side.

Akwa Ibom State
Capital:  Uyo
Main Towns:  Abak, Eket, Etinan, Ikono, Ikot Abasi, Itu, Oron, Uyo, Ikot Ekpene, Ukanafun.
Natural Resources:  Petroleum, Salt, Iron, Coal, Gold, Clay, Limestone, Laterite and Gravel.
Agricultural Resources: Largest Palm Forest in Nigeria
Points of Interest:  Ibeno  famous for yatching and swimming, Oron Museaum - collection of finest carvings in Africa, Opobo Boatyard.  Natural sand beaches at Ikot Abasi.

Anambra State
Capital:  Awka
Main Towns:  Onitsha, Awka, Njikoka, Amawbia
Natural Resources:  Iron Ore, Limestone, Coal Fine Clay, Marble and Silica Sand, Lead, Zinc, Petroleum and Natural Gas.
Agricultural Resources:  Cocoa, Palm Oil, Maize, Rice, Cassava.
Points of Interest:  Ijele masquerade from Aguleri, Omaba festival, Yearly yam festival, Odinani Museum at Nri.  Anambra State is historically known for great craftsmanship, The River Niger with the famous Niger bridge links the bustling commercial town of Onitsha with ports at Port Harcourt, Burutu and Warri in Delta State. 

Bauchi State
Capital:  Bauchi
Main Towns:  Bauchi, Gombe, Azara, Misau, Jama'are, Ningi, Billiri, Dass.
Natural Resources:  Columbite, Gold, Cassilerite, Coal, Limestone, Iron Ore, Antimony, Marble,
Agricultrual Resources:  Millet, Coffee, Cottom, Buinea Corn, Maize, Yams, Tomatoes.
Points of Interest:  Yankari Game Reserve with warm spring at Wikki Lame Burra Game Reserve, Tomb of Late Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, first Prime Minister of the Federation.

Benue State
Capital:  Makurdi
Main Towns:  Gboko, Katsina_Ala, Otukp, Ida, Dekina, Ankpa, Aliade, Vaneikya.
Natural Resources:  Coal, Limestone, Petroleum, Tin, Columbite.
Agricultural Resources:  Coffee, Rice milling, Seed crushing for oil.
Points of Interest:  Enchanting scenic view of the Rivers Niger and Benue confluence.  Ushango Hills.  Enemebia Falls, Kwaghir theatrical display, Ingongh Dance, Alekwu masquerade Ogagany Dance, Pleasant beaches, numerous fishing festivals.


Borno State

Capital:  Maiduguri
Main Towns:  Borno, Bade, Fika, Biu, DGwoza, Nguru, Geidam, Gas, Konduga,Monguno, Potiskum, Bama.
Natural Resources:  Clay
Agricultural Resources:  Tomatoes, Carrots, pepper Isorghum.
Points of Interest:  Kyarimi Park in Maiduguri - sightseeing for animal and bird lovers, Shehu of Borno's Palace, Lake Chad, Sambisa Game Reserve, Fishing festival at Gahsua (Usur) Ngeji Warm Springs.  Leather tanning & ornamental leather work.

Cross River State
Capital: Calabar
Main Towns:  Akampa, Ikom, Obubra, Odukpani, Ogoja, Ugep.
Agricultural Resources:  Cross River is extremely rich in fish production - major commercial psecies of fish include shrimps, croakers, catfish, the bonga and shark.
Points of Interest:  Obudu Cattle Ranch.  Agboin Falls and Kw Falls near Oban.  Gamer Reserve at Okwangwo in Obudu local government and Boshi Game Reserve.

Delta State
Main Towns:  Warri, Sapele, Ughelli, Effurun, Forcados, Ozoro, Orerokpe, Agbor.
Major Ports:  Warri, Koko, Burutu, Forcados handle a substantial part of the nation's trade.
Agricultural Resources:  Rubber Crude Oil, Plywood, Timber.
Points of Interest:  Sandy beaches of Asaba Koko Port Ajagbodudu, Olu's Palace.  ATP Timber and Plywood Factory at Sapele

Ebonyi State
Capital:  Abakiliki
Main Towns: Abakiliki, Afikpo, Izzamgbo, Iboko, Aba Omege, Okposi, Uburu, Edda, Onueke
Natural Resources:  Cement, lead, zinc, salt
Aricultural Resources:  Rice, Yam, Groundnut
Points of Interest:  Ganymede Chapel is the historical site where the first governor of the Eastern Region was buried.  Nkalagu cement factory, Modotel, Ebonyi Hotel, modern golf course.  Abakiliki was one of the oldest towns in the Eastern Region that displayed annual agricultural shows through the initiative of Dr. M. Okpara.

Edo State
Capital:  Benin City
Main Towns: Agbor, Ubiaja, Uromi, Auchi, Ekpoma, Sabongida-Ora.
Agricultural Resources:  Produces about 80% of country's Rubber and Crepe.  Timber, Palm Produce, Cocoa.
Points of Interest:  Royal Palazce at Benein, Benin Museum, Benin Moat, Emotan Statue, Somorika ills, Udo Tourist Centre, Benin is famous for its unique bronze, brass, ivory works of art.

Enugu State
Capital:  Enugu
Main Towns:  Abakaliki, Nsukka, Oji River.
Agricultural Resources:  Rice, Yam, Cashew Nuts, Cassava.
Natural Resources:  Coal, Lead, Limestone, Gypsum.
Points of Interest:  Miliken Hill, Nike Lake, Iva Valley Coal Mines.

Imo State
Capital: Owerri
Main Town:  Okigwe, Orlu, Oguta, Afikpo.
Natural Resources:  Lead, Zinc, White Clay, Natural Gas, Limestone, Salt.  Imo State is a major oil producing state.
Agricultural Resources:  Cassava, Oil Palm, Rubber, Cocoa, Rice, Maize, Yam.
Points of Interest:  Oguta Lake Holiday Resort with its sand beaches.  The Rolling Hills of Okigwe.  Amusement Park at Owerri.  The Nekede Botanical Zoological Gardens.  The Palm Beaches Tourist Village at Awomama.

Kano State
Capital:  Kano
Main Towns:  Dambatta, Bumel, Gwarzo, Hadejia, Karaye, Kano, Ririwan.  Kano is one of the ancient Hausa Kingdoms where custom and tradition still play important roles in the life of local communities.
Natural Resources:  Tin, Columbite, Casseterite.
Agricultural Resources:  Wheat Groundnut, Cotton, Agriculture is the major economic activity and offers employment to more than 90% of the people.  Kano is well recognized as a center for traditional arts and crafts such as leather work, weaving, pottery and wood carving.  Exquisite Kano leather works are exported to Europe and North America.
Popluar Markets:  Kurmi, Sabon-Gari and Kantin-Kwan (all in Kano municipality).
Popular Markets:  Kurmi, Sabon-Gari and Kantin-kwan (all in Kano municipality).
Historical Places/Festivals:  Emir's Palace, Baturiya Birds Estuary, The Ayanduwa Fishing Festival, Ancient City Walls and Gates first built about 900 years ago.  The Gidan Makaman Museum, Koofar Mata Dyeing Pits--believed to be the oldest in Africa, 35 Acre Kano zoological Garden at Gankum Albaba, Kurmi Market.  Kazaure Rock Ranges.  Famous Tiga Dam.

Katisina State
Capital:  Katsina
Main Towsn:  Daura, Katsina, Dutsin-ma, Malumfashi, Funtua, Manikankia, Kankari, Batsari, Mastu, Bakori, Jibiya.
Natural Resources:  Large deposits of Kaolin and Asbestos.
Agricultural Resources:  Groundnut, Maize, Cotton, Guinea Corn, Rice, Yam, Onions, Tomatoes, Wheat.
Points of Interest:  Wall that surrounds Katsina-900 years old with its seven different gates.  Emir's Palace in Katsina and Daura.  Kusugu well in Daura is of historical importance.

Kebbi State
Capital: Birmin Kebbi
Main Towns:  Birmin Kebbi, Gwandu
Natural Resources:  Gypsum, marble, and Kaolin
Agricultural Resources: Millet, wheat and Guinea Corn
Points of Interest:  Argungu Fishing Festival - a major international event featuring regatta, cultural dances, agricultural air, drama, motor rally and archery competition.  Kanta Museum in Argungu is also a tourist attraction in this state.  Famous for traditional arts and crafts, beads, words, glassware.

Kogi State
Capital:  Lokoja
Main Towns:  Okene, Kabba, Lokoja
Natural Resources:  Iron ore, marble
Points of Interest:  Old buildings used by the Royal Niger Company when it had a royal charter over Nigeria.  The Iron of Liberty-located in the compound of the first primary school in Northern Nigeria.  Kogi Stte is also famous for "the Okene" cloth, woven with rich thread into exquisite styles of varying colours.  The confluence of Rivers Niger and Benue at Lokoja, Borgu Game Reserve.
Important Festival:  Ekuechi festival of the Ebirras.

Kwara State
Capital:  Ilorin
Main Towns:  Jebba, New Bussa, (Kainji), Offa, Oro, Orru-Aran, Ajase-Ipo, Obange, Bode-Sa'adu, Esie.
Natural Resources:  Coal, Limestone, Marble, Iron, Ore, Feldspar, Clay, Tin, Talc, Gold.
Agricultural Resources:  Cotton, Cofee, Cocoa, Kolanut, Tobacco leaves, Berniseed, Palm Produce.
Points of Interest:  Esie Stone Image at Esie Kudn Igbomina-Ekiti area of the state.  Kwara State has two of the largest dams, namely, the Kainji and Jebba, major sources of hydro-electric power for the country.  Mungo Park Monument at Jebba.

Lagos State
Capital:  Ikeja
Main Towns:  Ikorodu, Epe, Badagry, Lagos, Mushin, Oshodi, Shomolu.
About 60 percent of the total industrial investment in Nigeria is in Lagos State and 65 percent in Nigeria's commercial activities also take place in the State.  It hosts the nation's two largest seaports-Apapa and Tin Can Island.  There are more than 2,000 industries of various sizes and description in Lagos State.
Points of Interest:  Seaside attraction and resorts at Bar Beach, Victoria Island, Badagry, Lekki Penninsula.  National Museum which houses important relics such as the traditional Benin Bronzes and the replica of the Festac '77 symbol.
Important Festivals:  Eyo Masquerade, eld to celebrate memorable occasions of the death of an important person, especially a distinguished member of the royal family.


Niger State

Capital:  Minna
Main Towns:  Bida, Kontagora, Agaie, Kuta, Lapai, Padogari, Mokwa, Zungeri, Wushishi.
Natural Resources:  Rice, Maize, Sorghum, Groundnuts, Millet, Sheanut, Beans, Soya, Cotton.  Niger state is well-known for arts and culture, including hand made pottery, glass beads, bangles, mat making, brass works, embroidery and dyeing.
Points of Interest:  Guara Falls in Boru Village, Zuguma Park, Zuguma, Shiror Hydroelectric Dam, Mungo Park's Cenotaph.


Ogun State

Capital:  Abeokuta
Main Towns:  Aiyetoro, Ijebu-Igbo, Ijebu-Ode Ilaro, Odeda, Ogbere, Ota, Owode, Sagamu, Idogo, Iperu.
Natural Resources:  Large deposits of Limestone, Chalk, Phosphate, Clay, Kaoline, Stones.
Agricultural Resources:  Cocoa, Rubber, Timber, Kolanuts.
Points of Interest:  Oba's Palace at Ake, built in 1854 as the official residence of the Alake, the traditional ruler of Egbaland, is noted for its heavy concentration of antiquities and relics.  The Centenary hall at Abeokuta, Birikisu Sugbo Shrine in Ijeu-Ode.  Olumo Rock.
Important Festivals:  Agemo, Obinrin Ojowu, Egungun, Oro, Igunnuko Masquerades.

Ondo State
Capital:  Akure
Main Towns:  Ado-Ekiti, Ondo, Ikere-Ebkiti, Ilawe-Ekiti, Owo, Efon-Alaaye, Oko-Akoko, Ikare-Akoko, Ise-Ekiti.
Agricultural Resouces:  Ondo State is the leading Cocoa producing area in Nigeria.
Points of Interest:  National Museum at Owo which houses the wood and ivory carvings, brass and bronze works, excavated at Egbaren Estate, Owo in 1971, Ikogosi Warm Spring, Idanre Hills Igbokodo Water Front, Ipole-Iloro Water falls, Oko Marie Hills at Oka-Akoko, Ebomi Lake at Epinmi-Akoko, Aiyetoro Holy Apostle Community.


Oshun State

Capital: Oshogbo
Main Towns:  Ile-Ife, Ede, Ilesha, Ejigbo, Iwo, Igbajo.
Agricultural Resources:  Cocoa, Coffee, Soyabeans, Kola-nuts, Tobacco.
Natural Resources:  Marble, Tin Columbite.
Points of Interest:  Oshun Shrine at Oshogbo, Opa Oranmiyan at Ile-Ife, Places of Owa Obokun in Ilesha and the Oni, Ife City Walls at Ile-Ife.

Oyo State
Capital:  Ibadan
Main Towns:  Ogbomosho, Oyo, Isyin, Saki, Eruwa, Fiti.  Ibadan, the state capital is the largest indigenous city in Africa, south of the Sahara with a population of about 1.4 million.
Mineral Resources:  Tin, Gold, Columbite and Marble exist in commercial quanties.
Agricultural Resources:  Tobacco, Cocoa, Palm Produce, Beans, Platain, Cassava, Maize, Kolanuts.
Points of Interest:  Ibadan university Zoo, Agodi Zoological Garden, Mbari ARts Center.
Traditional Festivals:  Egungun, Ode-Ibadan

Plateau State
Capital: Jos
Main Towns:  Akwanga, Awe, Bukuru, Barkin Ladi, Keffi, Lafia, Langtang, Nassarawa, Pankshin, Shendam, Von.
Natural Resources:  Jos is the cradle of Tin mining operations on the Jos Plateau.
Agricultural Resources:  The State  has unique and beautiful climate that is conducive for the production of many crops and livestock varieties that flourish in both tropical and temperate environment, for example cotton, groundnuts, rice, Irish potatoes, maize, soyabean.
Points of Interest:  Plateau state has a very rich cultural heritage.  The Nok culture one of the earliest iron smelting cultures dating between 500 BC and AD 200 is associated with the area.  The National Museum at Jos, the oldest in the country.  Museum of Traditional Nigerian Architecture, containing various architectural designs of major Nigerian ethnic groups.  Jos wildlife Safari Park, Zoological Gardens.  Asop Falls, Kura alls, Wase Rock, Kerang volcanic Mountain where the population Swan brand spring water is produced Shere Hills.

Rivers State
Capital:  Port Harcourt
Main Towns:  Bonny, Bori, Ahoada, Town Brass,
Buguma, Yenagoa, Abonema, Akassa, Okrika, Degema.
Natural Resources:  Crude Oil, Natural Gas
Agricultural Resources:  Oil Plam, Citrus fruits, Coconut, Banana, Cassava.
Points of Interest:  Isaac Boro Park, the zoo which as a wide variety of
animals, Nigeria's first petroleum refinery at Elesa Elema,
Water Glass Boatyard.  Isaka Holiday Cruise Island, Oil well at Oloibiri. 
The Riverine town of Bonny with the beautiful Finima Beach.  Monument of King Jaja of Opobo and the relics of the Akassa raid of 1859.  Slave transit hall at Akassa.  The Ogidi Shrine at Nembe.  The Onne Port.

Sokoto State
Capital: Sokoto
Main Towns:  Gusau, Yelwa, Gwandu.  Sokoto is a major centre
of Islamic scholarship in Nigeria.
Mineral Resources:  gold, Clay, Kaolin,
Gypsum, Salt, Marlbe, Granite, Flipper and Limestone.
Agricultural Resources: wheat, Maize, Millet,
Guinea Corn, Rice, Beans, Groundnut, Cotton, Sugarcane,

Tobacco.  Livestock production is a major activity in Sokoto State.
Points of Interest:  Sokoto State has a rich history
of culture and traditional festivals as well as many sites
of historical or religious value which are of abiding interest to
both scholars and tourists.  Dyeing or closes - Fulani attires and
wrapper known as "Wagambari," Famous
Moroccan leather products of trans - Saharan trade era has its roots in Sokoto.
The museum, Emir's palace, Gibadi Rocks ancient fossils
that are believed could provide a clue to the origin of the tomb of Usman Dan Fodio.

Taraba Sate
Capital Jalingo, Gembu, Takum
Main Towns:  Gembu, Takum
Agricultural Resources:  It has soothing termparate
climate with a rich vegetation that not only caters for
herds of cattle but also grows a very poplar and
unique tea which is now being processed for export because of the richness of the flavour.
Points of Interest:  Enchanting Mamilla Plateau
Gashaka and Karimbela Game Reserves present and alluring scenery to tourists and visitors.

Yobe State
Capital:  Damaturu
Main Towns:  Potiskum Nguru.
Agricultural Resources:   Millet, wheat.
Points of Interest:  Biu Plateau which has a very conducive tourist weather condition.

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